Ancient Methods

Ancient Cultivaion and Crop Protection practices

Ayurveda is a ‘Sastra’ different from modern medicine dealing with physical, mental and spiritual aspects of the life system as a whole in our planet, supported by the non-living components like air, soil, water etc. The word ‘Ayu’ denotes ‘life’ and ‘Veda’ means ‘knowledge’. Hence it is called ‘Science of life’. The term ‘Ayurveda’ pertains to human beings. In case of knowledge pertaining to plants or animals, the term ‘Vrikshayurveda’ (for maintaining the health, healing and productivity of plants) and ‘Mrigayurveda’ (Ayurvedic veterinary medicine) are used respectively. Ayurveda identifies man as an integral part of nature and stresses the necessity of maintaining complete harmony with all biotic and abiotic components of the surroundings (environment).

Vrikshayurveda is the ancient Indian science on plant life which has not been studied much in modern times. This section provides a comprehensive insight into plants and animals widely used in Vrikshayurveda. Intensive farming practices aims to maximize yields from agricultural fields by providing chemical fertilizers and pesticides but such farming practices had resulted in erosion of agricultural biodiversity. The world is waking up to the necessity of adopting sustainable food production approaches maintaining the soil biota, pollinators and natural predators in the field. The practices adopted in Vrikshayurveda, the traditional knowledge for maintaining the health and productivity of plants through natural methods is crucial in this context. Protection and treatment practices recommended in ‘Vrikshayurveda’ are followed by very few people nowadays mainly due to lack of awareness of this ancient wisdom.

Today, we are on the anvil of organic revolution in farming sector, the prescriptions and practices mentioned in Vrikshayurveda can be made useful in the farming sector for the production of pure organic as well as therapeutic products. In this section of the website we have covered different aspects of Vrikshayurveda right from the oral tradition to the written tradition including information available in Vedic literature, Puranas and Ayurvedic literature.

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Commercially important plant species