Timber yielding

Timber yielding trees

Timber yielding trees (1)

In the natural forests, there are several indigenous tree species yielding wood, which can be used for various purposes. At present, the only source of timber of those species is from the natural forests. Moreover, many of the traditionally used timbers of indigenous tree species are also becoming very scarce, resulting in escalation of their prices. One of the reasons for the scarcity is that, only very few of these species are grown artificially, either on a large scale as forest plantations or on a small scale, in homesteads or wastelands, wherever possible. In fact, traditional production forestry in India is focused much on the monoculture of a few species like teak, eucalypts, pines, poplars, etc. aimed at producing timber, mainly for industrial consumption, and sometimes for limited domestic uses, and therefore, Evans (1982) had rightly pointed out that almost 85% of the forest plantations in the tropics are of eucalypts, pines or teak.

The two major reasons for this species preference in plantation forestry are:

1, such species meet the raw material demand of industries like paper and pulp and to, enough scientific data are available on their plantation technology. Yet another reason for not establishing plantations of native species is that, in the past, there were adequate supplies of timber of indigenous tree species from the natural forests, and therefore, there was no need to grow them artificially to meet the demand. However, currently there is an increasing tendency to grow indigenous tree species on a plantation scale. Many people had already raised small plantations of Dalbergia latifolia (Rosewood), Dalbergia sissoides (Malabar Blackwood), Artocarpus integrifolius (Wild jack), etc. even though such species lacked plantation data generated for different climate conditions. The added advantages of indigenous tree species in plantation forestry are that they are environmentally more safe and also user friendly, which are very important aspects, especially in the present context, when any large or small scale plantation programme is initiated.