Landscaping and Gardening (Upavanaprakriya)

Landscaping and Gardening

Landscaping and Gardening (1)

Upavanaprakriya (Landscape / Gardening)

In each and every house, one should construct Lathagriham (Pergolas covered with flower-bearing climbers/creepers which providing shade and ambiance for relaxation). This section highlights the importance of constructing summerhouses, designing beautiful gardens, parks/children’s parks, pond, small lakes etc. This concept and design can be integrated with modern architecture to design summerhouses, gardens, parks, etc. with a traditional outlook.


Lathagriham (pergola covered with climbers) is a part of the garden constructed exclusively by planting climbers having healthy green foliage. One of the climbers recommended covering the roof of Lathagriham is Atimuktakam (Jasminum sambac). Due to its dense foliage and profuse flowering, it will attract Bhramas (a large number of black beetles) and protect from direct sunlight and wind. The special feature of the Lathagriham is the presence of fallen aromatic jasmine flowers on the floor, which will create a pleasurable feeling. The added attraction of the Lathagriham is a swing made by the climbers with the support of nearby the branches of trees.

Construction of Kreedaparvatam (similar to rockery)

Adjacent to Upavanam, Kreedaparvatam (similar to rockery) is constructed with components like beautiful Nikunchas (small green huts) constructed with small branches of trees and climbers, artificially made caves, valleys, rock gardens, caves decorated with diamonds, walls of caves depicted with high quality metals and minerals and path designed exclusively for walking freely. The added attraction of Kreedaparvatam is the presence of dancing and singing peacocks. The presence of peacock keeps snakes away from the Kreedaparvatam.

Construction of Pushkarini (attractive lakes) Sarovara (tanks) and Tadagam (ponds)

Attractive lakes, tanks and ponds (Pushkarini, Sarovara, Tadagam) are some of the components to be constructed nearby Upavanas. To create an aesthetic water habitat, flocks (or in pairs) of swana (Hamsa/Kalahamsa) are introduced. They will swim and play with sweet humming sound (Kilola-kalarava). The trees should be planted near the shore of the tanks and ponds to create aesthetic beauty by reflecting their beautiful shadow in the water.

Construction of Dheerkhila (large lake)

Dheerkhika is a specially designed large lake in which houseboats moves. Protection from wild aquatic animals should be ensured for a safe and comfortable boating. Beautiful flowering plants/trees should be planted around the lake to attract birds and it should be beautified with Kamalam (Nelumbo nucifera), Kumutam (Nymphea nouchali) and Nilotpala (Monochoria vaginalis). The flowering Nilotapala in this lake will resemble the eyes having black pupil with black brows of a pretty woman.

Construction of tank/pond (Sarovara and Tadagam)

A tank or pond with proper drainage system should be constructed in a a suitable location within the Upavana campus. It should be filled with clear water. The design should be in such a manner that the shadow of garden is reflected on water. Further the design should reflect moon light and scatter and diffuse it dominantly covering whole tank. This will provide an aesthetic view similar to the milky white rays of moon light, reflecting on water.

Construction of a Kaldaligriha (summer rest house)

Kadaligriha is another beautiful component of Upavana, specially designed as rest house for stay during the summer season. A Mandapa is constructed in the middle portion of Deerkhika, which is surrounded by trees/ flowering plants. The Mandapa is decorated by fixing white and attractive prism. Near the Mandapa naturally, air-conditioned Kadhaligriham should be constructed. Construction of a detailed version of Kadaligriha and Kreedaparvada has mentioned in Kadambari written by Bhattabana.

The component, which is adjacent to the Kadaligriha, is the well(Kupa) with sufficient water, which can effectively be utilized for the irrigation of the garden. The well should be protected with stone boundary.

To avoid the contamination of well water, it is treated with powder prepared from Anjanam (Grey Blackstone), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Useeram (Chrysopogan zizanioides), Naga (Mesua ferrea), Koshatakam (Trichosanthes lobeta), Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica) and Kataka Phalam (Strychnos potatorum). This helps to purify the water. Apart from this, whenever the water is dirty (Kalusham), pungent (Katu), tastelesas (Virasam) salty or saline (Lavnam) and have bad color (Asubhagandhi), this powder recipe is added (diluted) in water. As a result it becomes clean, transparent (Amala), tasty (Surasa), having natural aroma (Sasughandhi) and potent with various qualities (Sunayukta).