Nutritional care and management (Poshana vidhi)

Nutritional care and management

Nutritional care and management (1)

Poshana vidhi

There are a number of nutraceutical applications prescribed in Vrishayurveda in terms of their preventive, promotional, corrective and curative properties.

Planting trees without providing proper care, will not produce good flowering and fruiting. Therefore this chapter is mainly focusing on the nutritional care and management of tree species.

Various nutritional recipes

Sl. No Ingredients and method of preparation. Mode of administration Indication
1 Vengaduku(Brassica juncea) Broadcast the Vengaduku(Brassica juncea) at the bottom of Kharjuram (Phoenix dactylifera), vilwam(Aegle marmelos) and lukecha (Artocarpus hirsutus). Growth promoter
2 Liquid manure prepared from Pinnyakam (oil cake) of Sesamum indicum and Thushavari(one-day-old rice washed water). Pour the liquid manure at the bottom of Ambra (Mangifera indica). Growth promoter
3 Medicated oil prepared from Nichulum leaves(Barringtonia recemosa). Pour the medicated oil at the bottom of a tree. Growth promoter
4 A medicated decoction prepared from Vreehi (Oryza sativa) and Mamsam(Meat). Apply at the bottom of a wild variety of Prachina amalakam(Phyllanthus emblica) tree. Excellent manure
5 Mixture of milk and water Pour the liquid at the bottom of Balathindukam young plant (Diospyros peregrina). Growth promoter
6 Powder prepared from Yevam(Hordeum vulgare) barely Powder of Yevam applied at the bottom of Naalikera (Cocous nucifera). Excellent manure
7 Liquid bio manure is prepared from the meat of Karangam (Axis axis), Kidi (Sus scrofa) Matsyam(fish), Srigalam (Vulpes bangalensis), Aswam (Equus caballus), milk panchapallavam- leaves of Ambram(Mangifera indica), Jambu(Syzygium cumini), Kapitham (Limonia acidissima), Beeja purakam(Citrus limon), Vilwam(Aegle marmelos) water by boiling all these ingredients by cooling. Pour liquid manure at the bottom of Thenmavu(Mangifera indica) To enhance the aroma and taste of the friut
8 Medicated decoction prepared from gritham(clarified butter), kunapajalam (liquid bio manure*), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Varaha vishta (pig dung) Pour the medicated decoction at the bottom of the Dadima (Punica granatum) Growth promoter
9 A medicated decoction prepared from kulatha (Dolichos biflorus). Pour the medicated decoction at the bottom of the Dadima (Punica granatum) Growth promoter
10 Water used for washing fish Pour the fish washed water at the bottom of the Dadima (Punica granatum) To grow fruiting profusely
11 Paste prepared from triphala- (Harithaki (Terminalia chembula), Vibhuthaki (Terminalia bellirica), Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica) along with the fat of saphari fish (fat of kozu meen) and ghee(clarified butter) Apply on the branches and young fruits of Dadima (Punica granatum) To increase the fruit size
12 Fumigate with triphala powder Harithaki (Terminalia chembula), Vibhuthaki (Terminalia bellirica), Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica) Fumigate below the branches and fruits of Dadima (Punica granatum) To increase the fruit size
13 Paste prepared from the fruit of Mangifera indica (Ambrapalam) Apply over the branch and fruit of Dadima (Punica granatum) To increase the fruit size
14 A liquid manure prepared from Dhati(curd) Masthu (water obtained from curd, Kanchikam(one day old rice water used for washing), Sura(self generated alcoholic drink obtained from rice), Badari(Ziziphus mauritiana), Tila (Sesamum indicum), Medika (Trigonella foenumgraecum), Kunapajalam(liquid bio manure) and seethu(self generated alcoholic drink obtained from sugar cane juice and milk) Pour the liquid manure at the basin of Phaline (Callicarpa tomentosa), Kadambam (Neolamarckia cadambam), Karikesaram/Nagapoo (Mesua ferrea) To enhance the flowering and aroma of the flowers
15 Medicated decotion prepared from Priyangu(Callicarpa tomentosa) Kunjaphalam (Abrus precatorius), Nimba(Azadirachta indica), Pippali (Piper longum) Vacha(Acorus calamus), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Tila(Sesamum indicum), Sarshapa(Brassica juncae) (all in equal quantity) - prepared in the form of powder, mixed with the decoction prepared from Aswakarna(Terminalia paniculata) added with gritham (clarified butter) Pour the medicated decoction at the bottom of Chembaka(Magnolia champaca), Nagavriksha (Mesua ferrea) Growth promoter
16 Kukundanampureesham(chicken manure), expressed juice of meat(Mamsa rasam), one-day-old rice washed water(kanchikam).   Enhances the growth and fruiting of Gosthani(Vitis vinifera)
17 Padddy straw Paddy straw is prepared in the form of rope and tied over the branches of Panasam (Artocarpus heterophyllus) followed by pouring of the decoction prepared from vacha (Acorus calamus) over the rope For profuse fruiting
18 Prepared in the form of liquid manure from Sarppis (clarified butter), Gudam(jaggery), Ksheeram (milk) and Madhu(honey) Pou the liquid manure at the bottom of the trees of Kapitham(Limonia acidissima), Vilwam (Aegle marmelos). To make the fruit more fleshy with fewer seeds and sweet taste
19 A medicated decoction prepared from leaves and root of Koshataki (Luffa aegyptica) and expressed juice of fresh meat, mixed with powder of Thippali(Piper longum). Pour at the bottom of the Madhuka tree (Madhuca neriifolia)and Fumigate with above mentioned ingredients, prepared in the form of powder. To produce beautiful, good quality flowers
20 Medicated water prepared from Tila(Sesamaaum indicum), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra) and Madhu (honey) mixed with kunapajala (liquid manure). Pour the medicated water mixed with kunapajala(liquid bio manure) at the bottom of the tree. To enhance the sweetness of Badari(Ziziphus rugosa) fruit.
21 A mixture prepared from the dung of Ajam (Ovis aries), Aeadakam (kuriyad), Sukaram(Sus scrofa), Vidangam(Embelia ribes), Kinnuavm(sedimentation obtained from toddy). Apply the mixture at the bottom of Beejapura (Citrus lemon) and pour the urine of Aswam (Equus caballus) and Avi(goat) To enhance fruiting irrespective of the season
22 The sting of vrichika (Pandinus imperator), Gritam(clarified butter), fat of mooshika(Rattus rattus) and Kola(sus scrofa) The sting of vrichika (Pandinus imperator), should be incised on the dtem of climbers/twiners followed by fumigation at the same spot with Gritam(clarified butter). Furthur, fat of pig and rat are applied. According to surapala fumigation is to be carried out of with Saphari matsya (specific kind of fish) mixed with ghee. This is to be followed by sprinkling rat and pig fat. For fruiting profusely
23 Gomoothram (cow's urine), Kunapajalam (liquid bio manure) Apply the liquid bio manure at the bottom of Kethaki (Pandanus odoratissimus). To enhance the aroma of the Kethaki (Pandannus odoratissimus) flowers during the rainy season.
24 Scented soil is prepared by adding flowers having aromatic qualities, either alone or in combination. Apply scented soil, in larger quantity at the bottom of the tree. To induce aroma in flowers
25 Medicated water prepared from Kushta (Saussurea lappa), Pathram (Pogostemon heyneanus), Muramanchi (Sanseveria roxburghiana), Mustha (Cyperus rotundus), Tagaram(Valeriana wallichii) and Useeram(Crysopogon zizanioides) Apply medicated water at the bottom of the tree for a period of 1 month. Induces scent in unscented flowers
26 Powder from Kanmasham (half-cooked black gram), tusk of the elephant. Apply the powder in the lotus pond To enhance the flowering of Padmini(Nelumbo nucifera) irrespective of the season.
27 Powder from the dung of Sidhartham (Brassica juncae), Kadalidalam (leaves of Musa paradisiaca), Saphari(kozhumeen), Kola (Sus scrofa)Marjaram (Felis catus), mixed with gritham(clarified butter). Apply over the roots and fumigate with the same ingredients To improve the overall health of the trees and to cure diseases. To promote the growth of healthy tender leaves and for profuse flowering
28 A medicated decoction prepared from Ankolam(Alangium salvifolium) mixed with gritham(clarified butter), Mashikam(honey) fat of Kidi(Sus scrofa), Kunga (Axis axis) and Sidharthaka(Brassica juncea) Pour at the basin of the tree Trees grow without being affected any diseases, it also acts as a growth promoter
29 1. Fumigate with gritham(clarified butter). 2. Medicated water Yavam (Hordeum valgare). 3. A mixture of milk and water Kunapajalam(Liquid bio manure). 4. Paste prepared from the powder of Viadanga(Embelia ribes) and Tila (Sesamum indicum) along with milk or kunapajalam All five preparation is recommended for the growth of young trees Growth promoters
30 The special recipe is popularly known as Kunapajala. This liquid manure was extensively used in ancient days. The recipe mentioned in different texts varies slightly in terms of its ingredients. The ingredients of Kunapajala are flesh, fat and bone marrow of Kunga (Axis axis) Kidi (Sus scrofa), matsya (fish) Masham (Vigna Mungo) kuriyadu (dwarf variety) and Chagalam (tall variety), Khadgi (walmrigam). All these ingredients are boiled with water and transferred to a separate vessel followed by adding milk and powder of tila (Sesamum indicum) along with Mashikam (Honey) and cooked Masha (Vigna mungo) mixed in water. Finally, add gritham and hot water. The entire mixture is placed in sunlight or in a hot place for 15 days. The liquid manure thus prepared is called Kunapajala.It is to be noted that the quantity of each ingredient is not mentioned. Another option given is to use substitutes of these ingredients based on the directions of a vrikshayurvedic expert Pour the liquid bio manure at the basin of the tree and plant species Excellent growth promoter and immune enhancer
31 Milk Pour at the basin of the trees To enhance the sweetness of the fruit.
32 Preparation of Kunapajala according to Kashyapala. The following are the ingredients:- dung of Aja (Capra aegagrus)- 2 prastha, Dung of Avi (Ovis aries) -2 prastha , Tila (Sesamum indicum)- 1 Adakam, Skuthu-1 prastha, Go mamsa (meat of Bos taurus) - are diluted with 100 times water and kept for seven days. Pour the liquid bio manure at the basin of the tree and plant species at least for seven days Excellent growth promoter and immune enhancer
33 Preparation of Kunapajala according to Kashyapala. The following are the ingredients:- dung of Aja (Capra aegagrus)- 2 prastha, Dung of Avi (Ovis aries) -2 prastha, Tila (Sesamum indicum)- 1 Adakam, Skuthu-1 prastha, Go mamsa (meat of Bos taurus)- are diluted with 100 times water and kept for seven days. Pour the liquid bio manure at the basin of trees and plant species at least for seven days. Excellent growth promoter and immune enhancer
34 Medicated juice is prepared from the fruits of Ankola (Alangium salviifolium), along with Gritha (clarified butter), madhu (honey) and Sukara vasa (pig fat). Medicated juice applied at the bottom of the mango tree. For the production of sweet and tasty mango and to increase the size of the mango.
35 Medicated water/decoction is prepared from the flesh of Go (Bos taurus), Kola (Sus scrofa) and Sisumara (Crocodylus porosus). Irrigate medicated water at the bottom of Nalikera (Cocos nucifera), puga (Areca catechu), Kharjura (Pheonix dactylifera), Thaada (Borassus flabellifer) and other similar palm varieties. To enhance the quality and quantity of fruits
36 Saphari (special kind of fish) is mixed with the powder of Tila (Sesamum indicum) and made into a paste. Liquid bio manure is prepared from Vidanga (Embelia ribes), Levana (salt), Tila (Sesamum indicum), kshoudra (honey), mamsa (meat), Asava (medicated liquid), Sura (medicated self generated alcoholic drink) and Maireya (medicated self generated alcoholic drink). Externally applied on the top and bottom of the tree during the night. To enhance the production of good quality nuts and to increase the size of nuts.
37 Ksharodhaka (medicated alkaline water) is mixed with powder of Yava (Hordeum valgare), Tushajala (Paddy husk mixed with water) and Masha yusha (soup of black grams). Pour the mixture of Ksharodhaka at the base of coconut palm Enhancement of the production of good quality coconuts and to increase the size of the nuts.
38 Medicated water is prepared from Sita siddhardhaka toya (Bracica alba), Yava (Hordeum valgare), Tushajala (Paddy husk) and Pinnyaka (oil seeds cake). Pour the medicated water at the basin of trees like Kharjura (Pjoenix sylvestris), kamala (Nelumbo nucifera), Dramala and Kusa (Desmostachya bipinnata). To correct the nutritional deficiency
39 Aliquid bio manure is prepared from the flesh of Marjara (Felis catus), Casa (Coracias bengalaensis), Harina (Axis axis), Sukara vasa (fat of pig) and Mahishi dugdha (milk of buffalo) .Pour liquid manure at the basin of the tree Production of quality fruits.To increase the size of Dadima (Punica granatum) fruit.
40 A bio-manure is prepared from the flesh of animals; Pheru (extinct animal)? And Sita (sugar/ sugar candy). Apply manure at the basin of Dadima (Punica Granatum) tree. To enhance the sweetness of the fruit. To increase the size of the fruit.
41 A bio-manure is prepared in the form of paste with the ingredients- Gritham (clarified butter),Kshoudram (honey) and Saphari (a fish variety). Apply externally over the trunk of Dadima (Punica Granatum) tree. To produce high quality, tasty, juicy fruits of Dadima (Punica granatum)
42 Fumigate with triphala powder Harithaki (Terminalia chembula), Vibhuthaki (Terminalia bellirica), Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica) Fumigate in and around trees To produce high-quality fruits. To increase the size of fruits and yield
43 A mixture of Saphari fish with milk diluted in water Administered in a higher dose and poured at the basin of tree For profuse fruiting
44 Fumigate with flowers of Sarshapam (Brassica alba), Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna) along with with meat of rabbit (Lepus nigricollis), Vidanga (Embelia ribes) and Red Curcuma (Curcuma Zedoaria). Fumigate around trees To cure diseases and for profuse flowering and fruiting
45 Fumigate with Kadalidalam (plantain leaves), Sarshapam (Brassica juncae) and karimeen (Etroplus suratensis). Fumigate around trees To promote early flowering and fruiting
46 Medicated water prepared from the fat of deer, pig mixed with honey, clarified butter and tender leaves of neerkadamb (Mitragyna parvifolia). Pour the medicated water around the basin of trees To promote early flowering and fruiting
47 Paste prepared from Gritham (clarified butter), Vidanga (Embelia ribes), milk and water and honey Apply externally at the bottom of the tree To promote early flowering and fruiting and also to get quality flowers and fruits
48 1. Gritham (clarified butter) mixture of Yavam (Hordeum valgare) Krisara (cooked rice prepared from rice, Tila (Sesamam indicum) and milk, Pachotti (Symplocos cochinchinesis) and honey 2. Tila (Sesamum indicum), honey and Yevam (Hordeum valgare) 3. Milk and water 4. Medicated self-generated alcoholic drink 1. Smeared with Gritham at the bottom portion of Perumthudari (Ziziphus mauritiana), Ayani (Autocarpus hirsutus), Lantha (Ziziphus mauritiana), nelli (Phyllanthus embilica) and Njaval (Syzygium cumini) 2. Smeared with the paste prepared from Krisara along with Pachotti (Symplocos cochinchinensis) and honey is applied over the bottom portion of the tree for 12 days. 4. During the flowering period pour milk and pour a medicated alcoholic drink at the basin of the tree. High yield of fruits (1-4) To produce big-sized tasty fruits (5)
49 A mixture prepared from Jaggery Gritham (clarified butter) Paya (milk) and Madhu (honey) Pour at the basin of trees Koovalam (Aegle marmelos) and Vlar maram (Limonia acidissima) Profuce fruiting
50 1. Ash prepared from Paddy Straw and cow dung 2. Kunapajalam 3. To increase  size of the banana 1. Pour the residue at the basin of the tree and cover with soil 2. Pour Kunapajalam on the soil To increase the size of the banana
51 Fumigate with powder of Tagaram (Valeriana walichii), kushta (Saussurea lappa and Ajadanyam (Lepidium sativum) Fumigate around and at the bottom of the tree. To promote quick flowering and fruiting and also to get good quality flowers and fruits
52 Fat of python (Python seabae) and snake Applied externally on the trunk and bottom of the tree Growth stimulator
53 A medicated decoction prepared from milk, meat, fish, cow dung, red rice (chennellu), kinnwam (sedimentation obtained from toddy) mixed with powder of Tila (Sesamum indicum) Pour the medicated decoction at the basin of Mathala narakam (Punika granatum) To enhance the size of the fruit and to make it soft and fleshy and tasty
54 Fumigate with the ponded mixture prepared from the bark (powder) of azhinijil (Alangium saviifolium), meat, root and leaves of Katttupeechii (Luffa aegyptiaca) Fumigated with the pounded mixture To produce beautiful flowers from the plant species Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra).
55 A mixture prepared from Godhumam(Titicum aestivum), Thakram (butter milk), Curd, Lantha kuru (seeds of Ziziphus rugosa), Tila (Sesamum indicum), Madhyam(Self generated alcoholic drink), milk and Kunapajalam Pour the mixture at the basin of the plant species/trees- Amrit (Tinospora cordifolia), Kadambam (Neolamarckia cadamba) and Nagavriksha (Mesua ferrea) To produce aromatic flowers
56 Medicated water is prepared from Jambu (Syzygium cumini), Asokham (Saraca asoca), useeram (Chrysopogon zizaniodes) and Mustha (Cyperus rotundus) along with Sura (self-generated alcoholic drink) Pour the mixture at the basin of the plant Profuce flowering
57 Mixture of aromatic water prepared from spices e.g. Elam (Elettaria cardamomum), and soup prepared from meat Pour the aromatic water and soap mixture at the basin of Kitha (Pandanus odorifer) Profuce flowering
58 Madhyam (medicate self generated alcoholic drink) Pour the medicated alcoholic drink at the basin of mulla (Jasmium sambac), kanaveeran (Nerium indicum) and ponkurinji (yellow coloured flower Strobilanthes sp.) Profuce flowering
59 Gomoothram(cow's urine) Pour cow urine (approximately 60 ml) at the basin of Valli mulla (Jasminum multiflorum) Profuce flowering
60 Prepare a mixture of Gopaya (cow's milk) and cold water Pour the mixture at the basin of Pathiri (Bignonia suaveolens) For profuse flowering and attract bees
61 A mixture of flesh and water Pour the mixture at the basin of Karpasam (Gossypium hirsutum) Profuce flowering
62 A mixture prepared from milk, Thila (Sesamum indicum), cow dung and water Pour the mixture at the profuse flowering basin of Mulla (Jasminum sambac), Saptachata (Alstonia scholaris) Profuce flowering
63 A mixture prepared from meat, flesh of fish and water Pour the mixture at the profuse flowering basin of Chemanthi (Crysanthemum indicum) Profuse flowering
64 Fumigate with bone and dung of pig Fumigate around the Valya vellari (Cucumis sativus), Churakka (Lageneria siceraria), Kumbalam (Benincasa hispida) and Vellari (Cucumis sativus) Profuce fruiting
65 One day old rice gruel Por at the basin of Churakka (Lageneria siceraria) Profuce fruiting
66 Fumigation with paddy straw followed by application of mixture prepared with Tila (Sesamum indicum) and water Fumigate and pour the mixture at the basin of Padavalam (Trichosanthes anguina) during the month of phalguna. The plant will fruit during the same month. Profuce fruiting
67 Prepare ashes from side branches of the trees growing in the middle of the paddy field The well-powdered ashes are put in a porous cloth, made into a bundle and sprinkled over the paddy field. To prevent water retention due to dew
68 A paste of Rakthasali (medicinal rice) and curd Spread in and around the paddy fields To prevent water retention due to froth
69 Pounded mass of Masha (Vigna mungo) Pounded mass is placed around the basin of the tree To promote the growth of age damalaki (Phyllanthus emblica)
70 A mixture of milk and water Pour the mixture at the basin of young Tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica) Growth promoter
71 Mixture of curd (Dhathi), Masthu (watery portion of curd), Thagaram (Valeriana wallichii), Kanji (rice gruel), Sura (medicated self generated alcoholic drink prepared from grains), Entha (Phoenix pussilla), Tila (Sesamum indicum), Methika (Trigonella foenum-graecum), Kunapajala (Bio liquid manure), medicated self generated alcoholic drinks from lkshu(Saccharum officinarum) and milk Pour the mixture at the bottom of the trees- Njazhal (Callicarpa tomentosa), Kadambam (Neolamarckia cadamba) and Naga kesaram (Mesua ferrea) Profuse flowering
72 Bio liquid manure made from Njazhal (Callicarpa tomentosa), Gunja (Abrus precatorius), Nimba (Citrus limon), Pipali(Piper longum), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Nisa (Curcuma longa), Tila (Sesamum indicum), Sarshapa (Brassica juncae), Gritham (clarified butter), and expressed juice of Maruthu (Terminalia paniculata) All the ingredients are to be taken in equal quantity, prepared in the form of bio liquid manure and poured at the basin of Chembaka (Magnolia champaca) and Nagavriksham (Mesua ferrea) Growth promoter
73 A mixture of Koshataki (Luffa acutangula) - leaves and stem bark, Mamsam(meat) Pippali ( Piper longum) and fumigated water Meat is boiled with koshataki leaves (Luffa acutangula) and poured at athe bottom of the illippa (Madhuca longifolia) followed by sprinkling of Pour the mixture at the bottom of trees Njazhal (Callicarpa tomentosa), Kadambam (Neolamarckia cadamba) and Naga kesaram (Mesua ferrea) powder of Pipali (Piper longum) around the basin of the tree and irrigated with fumigated water Profuse flowering
74 1. medicated water of Tila (Sesamum indicum), Yeshtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra), llippa (Madhuca nerifolia), madhu(Honey) 2. Kunapajala Pour the medicated water at the basin of Lantha (Ziziphus mauritiana). Then sprinkle Kunapajala To enhance the sweetness of the fruit
75 1. Liquid bio manure prepared from dung of Kolad (Capra aegagrus), Chemariyadu (Ovis aries), panni (Sus scrofa), seeds of Vidanga (Embelia ribes) added with Knnwam (sedimentation obtained from toddy) 2. Aswa moothra ( horse urine) and water Pour the liquid bio manure in and around the basin of Narakam (Citrus lemon) and irrigate with horse urine and water Profuse fruiting
76 Sugantha jalam (Aromatic water) Kunapajalam Pour the aromatic water over Kapitha (Limonia acidissima) during the summer season. This will promote the growth of numerous tender leaves Growth promoter