Gardening Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables, Herbs And Fruit

Plant Support

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Plants need support for several reasons. New shrubs and trees need to have their roots strictly anchored to the ground so they cannot move rapidly in the soil and result in the breakage of young roots. The trained fruit trees need tying at proper regular intervals so their growth is not adversely affected.

You should support newly sowed plants using a stake that is one third of the stem’s length. If your tree is bare-rooted, a single stake will be enough to support it. The stake needs to be thicker in comparison to the tree and you should drive it into the soil to a depth of a minimum of 18 inches.

You should support container grown trees with one stake supporting each side of their root ball and nail a crossbar to them. Stakes are temporary; therefore, avoid treating them using a preservative.

For trained bushes and trees, use metal stakes or pressure-treated timber ones that measure 2.5m in length, 7.5cm in diameter and 5cm in angle. Drive them to a depth of at least 18 inches into the ground. The end stakes should have angled struts secured to the stake’s lower half.

Herbaceous Plants

Herbaceous plants like poppies have weak stems; therefore, they need extra support. You should install their support before they start growing tall. There are special wire frames created for this purpose, but you can also use wire mesh. Support tall herbaceous plants, including dahlias and delphiniums using single canes. You can also support climbers with the help of a wooden archway. Tie the plants to the archways or supports with soft strings.

Vegetables

Netting, strings, and canes are okay to use to support vegetables when they are growing. If you are growing beans, support them with two rows of bamboo canes pushed around 12 inches into the soul. Set the bamboos 12 inches apart in a row and make two rows with a distance of two feet between them. Tie the canes so they join each other in the row’s middle. You should also tie a cross-crane to the main support to provide it with extra rigidity.

You can train melons, cucumbers, and beans to can the wigwams. For that, you need four eight-foot long canes. Place them in the soil to create a 36-inch square. Then, tie the canes together at their top. Plant cucumbers, melons, or beans at the canes’ base. The crops will start winding themselves around the supportive canes automatically.

Herbs

Herbs require a good amount of support for proper growth. However, the support used for herbs is primarily fashioned out of polyethylene sheets. For instance, if you are growing rosemary plants, tie polyethylene sheet around the branches to offer them support.

Cut one long piece of polyethylene that can easily go round the plant’s outside once. Make sure to cut a piece that has a width parallel to that of the plant’s height. Wrap the sheet around your plant and leave its top open. Tie it in place using a soft string and keep it tight enough so all the branches stay upright.