Planting technique (Ropana vidhanam)

Planting technique (Ropana vidhanam)

Planting technique (Ropana vidhanam) (4)

Ropana Vidhanam (Planting Techniques) 

Improper tree planting causes losing of its aesthetic beauty and prosperity.

This technique mainly focuses on the importance of planting, classification of land suitable for planting, classification of plats, preparation of seed pit and seedbed, guidelines for watering, ideal time for sowing, rituals to be performed before sowing, exclusive guidelines for sowing seeds, rules of planting trees, planting distance between plants, seeds and density of seed sowing, folklore etc.

Sarangadhara opined that the spacing while planting trees in the plantations should be in a 10 Muzham (4.6m), lower elevation just above the 16 Muzham (7.36 m), lower elevation and 20 Muzham (9.2 m) on the upper side. If the plantation is in the plain area, the space in between plant species of the flowering plants must be 2 Muzham (0.96 m), for trees it must be 4 Muzham (1.8 m) and for Shrubs 3 Muzham (1.38 m). If the trees are planted very closely, it will affect the growth and if the distance between the trees, are too long; they will be affected by wind. (Sarangadhara padhathi).

The adequate planting distance for trees is 20 Muzham (9.2 m) and this spacing is considered as Uthamam (best spacing). If it is, 16 Muzham (7.36 m) and 12 Muzham (5.52 m), they are considered as Madhyamam (moderate) and Adhamam (below moderate) respectively. If spacing between the tree is not according to these guidelines, they should be replanted. (Brihat Samhita), Kasyapa Samhita, Vishnu Dharmottarapuranan, Agni purana), Surapala has also agreed the guidelines as mentioned above. Similarly, spacing between shrubs must be either five or four Muzham (1.8 m). The space between Arecanut trees should be either two or three Muzham (0.92 or 1.38 m). If it is more than prescribed limit (atidura), they will be badly affected by wind. If the distance is less, the yield from the trees will be very low and therefore one should follow these guidelines strictly. (Surapala).

Rohani, Uttara (Uthram), Uttaraashada (Utharadam), Uttarabhadra (Uttrattathi) are called Druva nakshatras and similarly Mrigasira (Makayirom), Chitra (Chittira), Anuridha (Anizham), Revathi are called mridu nakshatras (characteristically soft in nature). These two categories of nakshatra and Aswani (Aswathi), Pushya (Pooyam), Hasta (Attam), Vishaka (Vishakom), Moola (Moolam), Shravana (Thiruvonam) are the auspicious stars for sowing seeds and planting seeds (Brihat Samhita). These guidelines were accepted by Vishnu dharmottara purana, Agni purana and Sarangadhara padhathi. According to Surapala, pradhipadam of Shukla paksha, Pournami (Full moon), Trayodshi, Thursday, Friday, Monday and Wednesday are the auspicious day for sowing seeds. Apart from these, other auspicious stars mentioned for sowing seed and planting tree are Vishaka (Vishkom), Dhanista (Avitom), Moola (Moolam), Mrigasira (Makayirom), Chitra (Chittira), Uttara (Uthram), Uttaraahada (Utharadam), Uttarabhadra (Uttrattathi), Rohani, Anuradha (Anizham), Jyestha (Thriketta), Krittika (Karthika) and Druva nakshatras and Legna nakshatras. (Surapala).