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  • MAHAGONY (Switenia macrophylla) is an evergreen tree attaining a height of about 30-40 m and a diameter of about 3-4 m within a span of 30-35 years. This is an exotic species with bark peeling feature. Abundant growth occurs in places with average annual rainfall of 1500-5000 mm and in fertile laterite soil.

  • Some gardeners support the addition of fertilizers to the soil, whereas some do not favor its use since they claim fertilizers deplete the soil of its original nutrients.

  • This is a general compound organic fertilizer. The compounds present in this fertilizer quickly release Nitrogen; therefore, you should spread this fertilizer a maximum of two weeks prior to plating your crops.

  • This organic fertilizer is an expensive alternative to bone meal, fish, and blood. However, this organic fertilizer is superior to the former in that it has superior balance and benefits the soil by releasing its nutrients slowly.

  • This organic fertilizer is a great source of slow releasing nitrogen. The ground horns and hooves undergo a heating process at a temperature of 140 degree Fahrenheit prior to packaging, which makes it a safe compound to use. Bacteria decompose it, so the soil and the plants can access its nutrients.

  • Fishmeal is a good fertilizer with a good phosphate and nitrogen content. Certain manufacturers inorganically add potash to it; when they do, they sell it as a semi-organic fertilizer.

  • This popular and commonly used phosphate fertilizer is best for activating the growth of roots. Make sure to buy bone meal marked as ‘steamed.’ When raw, it carries anthrax, but becomes safe when treated with steam. However, it is best to wear gloves when spreading it in all cases.

  • The nutritional content in dried manure is not big, but manure has concentrated levels of many trace elements, which make them a good organic fertilizer. If you cannot get bulky dried animal manure, mix the quantity you have with mushroom compost or peat.

  • You can use Granular fertilizers to provide the usual nutrients to a plant; these fertilizers work as a supplement to manure and compost. When using these fertilizers, you normally apply them to the soil in the spring season, or a little before planting the crops.

  • Liquid fertilizers are easy to pour and spread on the soil. Dilute the fertilizer as per the instructions given on the packaging and then pour it on the soil. Make sure you do not apply it to a completely dry soil because doing so can scorch your plant’s roots.

  • This approach involves spraying the fertilizer on the plant’s leaves. Foliar feeding is a short lived, but fast acting method that leads to quick remedial action when the plant becomes deficient in certain nutrients. In this method, you spray liquid seaweed on the leaves of a plant when the plant is experiencing a deficiency of trace elements. However, you need to supplement it with a good seaweed meal fertilizer too.

  • Cultivating crops using the right strategies is extremely important if you are to have a bountiful harvest. In this section, we shall look at invaluable tips and cultivation approaches that will make the cultivating process extremely effortless for you.

  • Poor drainage is one of the most commonly experienced problems by gardeners, especially novice gardeners. However, you can easily bring about fantastic improvements in your soil’s condition by opting for the appropriate cultivation approaches.

  • The major approach used to cultivate soil is hand digging. Hand digging breaks up the compact land and introduces air into it. In addition, it enables water to drain away easily, as well as giving the plant roots a chance to penetrate deeper into the soil. It also helps you work organic material deeper into the soil.

  • Rake the soil before sowing seeds. This technique is easier to learn through hands-on experience. However, there are some basic rules you should follow while raking the soil.

  • Hoeing is the principal weed controlling method. No chemicals can keep your soil 100 percent weed-free; you must hoe the ground to reduce the formation of weeds. To hoe the soil, select a sunny and hot day as weeds lie right on the soil’s surface on a sunny day and their roots dry out and die quickly. Moreover, hoe the weeds when they are around half an inch in size so you can keep them from growing bigger and more dangerous to your plants.

  • Mulching involves covering the soil’s surface with organic matter to condition the soil. Make sure to apply a two to three inch deep layer of organic matter to the soil to mulch it well. Grass cuttings work well for mulching because grass is readily available and affordable. However, DO NOT spread the grass too thickly because the grass has a tendency to turn into a very slimy mass.

  • Watering is important to the proper growth of your plants. However, watering does not mean merely pouring water on the soil. Effective watering requires the use of a certain technique; a technique you must follow to water your soil.